Disc dergangement/herniation is the result of displacement of the intervertebral disc. This is common in individuals 30-40 years old and may result from an unknown cause or traumatic injury. Individuals experience pain at the site of the derangement and may experience pain, numbness or tingling in their arms (cervical) or legs (lumbar). Individuals experience the most pain with lifting, twisting or prolonged sitting. Physiotherapy is effective in reducing pain through the use of therapeutic modalities, and hands-on techniques. Therapy can also be beneficial in providing education on lifting techniques and postures to relieve pain as well as exercises to improve spinal mobility.